Effects of different surgical treatments on pain, disability, anxiety and quality of life in lumbar disc herniation




Aydin S. Apaydin, Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
Bülent Bozyiğit, Department of Neurosurgery, Private Academy Gözde Hospital, Malatya, Turkey
Zuhal Koç-Apaydin, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
Musa Güneş, Deparment of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
Metehan Yana, Deparment of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey


Objective: This study aims to compare the effects of microscopic microdiscectomy and microendoscopic discectomy on pain, disability, fear of falling, kinesiophobia, anxiety, quality of life in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Methods: A total of 90 patients who underwent microscopic microdiscectomy (n = 40) and microendoscopic discectomy (n = 50) for LDH were included in this study. The patients’ pain, disability, fear of falling, kinesiophobia, anxiety, and quality of life were evaluated before the surgery, in the early postoperative period and three months after. Results: In patients who underwent microendoscopic discectomy, the results of pain, disability, fear of falling, kinesiophobia and anxiety were statistically decreased compared with the microscopic microdiscectomy in the early postoperative period and three months later (p < 0.05). Also, a statistically higher increase was observed in the general health perception of patients who underwent microendoscopic discectomy three months after the operation (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Microendoscopic microdiscectomy, remains the most effective and widely applied method with advantages on pain, quality of life, and improved physical functions.



Keywords: Lumbar disc herniation. Microscopic microdiscectomy. Microendoscopic discectomy. Pain. Disability.